4.6.5. Profiles

Access rulesets are structured to be searched from top to bottom based on the input parameters of a new session, consisting of source, gateway user, target user and target, with the first match being evaluated as the best match. The selected profile of this match is then applied to the connection with all its settings. Further session details are defined in the profile.


But first let’s take a look at the screenshot, which can already answer some questions:


The meaning of the individual fields is explained below:

Max Session Time

The maximum time a session can run, regardless of whether it is actively used. After this time, the session is severely interrupted and the user logs out, even if he is managing something important on the target server. Leave empty for unlimited session time.

Max Idle Time

The maximum time a session can remain unused. If the user does not make any input or the server does not send any output within this period, the session is severely interrupted and the user logs out. Leave empty for unlimited idle time.

Pref. Authentication

This parameter specifies how the suSSHi Gateway attempts to authenticate itself to the target.

Partition default

Authentication is performed using the methods and order specified for the partition under Partition Settings (default here is Public Key - Gateway Identities, Keyboard Interactive, Password).

Public Key

The gateway attempts to log in at the destination using one of the user-provided SSH keys (Auth Agent Forwarding). Please refer to Authentication Options for more details.

Public Key - Gateway Identities

The gateway tries to log in at the destination using one of its own gateway keys. At the destination, at least one of the gateway keys is stored in the authorised keys for the respective target user. The user key is not stored on the destination.

Keyboard Interactive

The gateway attempts to log on to the destination using keyboard interactive authentication. This requires interaction with the user, who enters the target credentials when prompted, which are then passed to the destination by the gateway.


This method is quite similar to the Keyboard-Interactive method, only that the password method is used instead of the keyboard interactive authentication towards the target. Please refer to Authentication Options for more details.

Target Password Source

If the target requests a password (Password or Keyboard-Interactive method), this setting controls the behaviour:

User Dialog

The password request is forwarded to the user. This is the default.

Preserve Password

An attempt is made to log on to the target system with the same password that was used for gateway authentication. This only works if the user authenticates with keyboard-interactive or password at the gateway.

Static Password

A password can be stored in the profile used on the target without being displayed to the user. It is recommended to enable the target user overwrite option as well.

Dynamic One-Time Password

For each target authentication, an individual one-time password is generated and send to the target, which can then be verified by an API call within the configured validity period.

Target Hostkey Learning

This parameter defines what should happen in the case of a hostkey of the destination that is unknown to the gateway so far. You can set when and how the hostkey is to be learned.

Hostkey learning is done individually for each gateway user and is thus relevant only for sessions of the user who accepted the host key. This is like a personal, server-side implemented known_hosts file.


The hostkey must not be learned or updated under any circumstances.

Automatically: If unknown

The hostkey is to be learned automatically if the hostkey of the target is not yet known.

Automatically: If unknown and if changes

The hostkey should be learned automatically if the hostkey of the target is not known or has changed.

Prompt User for new and changed keys

The user is prompted whether to learn a new hostkey or to overwrite an existing one with a changed hostkey.


This parameter determines which rights are granted to the session. These switches refer to a simple rights control within the SSH protocol:

Interactive Session

An interactive (shell) session is allowed.

Secure Copy (SCP)

Secure Copy Protocol (SCP) is allowed.

Secure File Transfer (SFTP)

Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP subsystem) is allowed.

Auth Agent Forwarding

The SSH session allows access to the user’s auth agent. This is only required if the user is allowed to connect from the target server to another target server, which in turn authenticates using a public key.

X11 Forwarding

Forwarding X11 connections is allowed.

Allow subsequent SSH session within TCP forwardings

If this switch is deactivated, suSSHi prevents further SSH sessions via forwarded TCP ports.

Logging mask

This parameter determines how detailed the recording of the session should be.


Control which subsystems (besides SFTP, which is controlled via a permission switch) are allowed.

Format: exact naming of subsystems, no regex matching!

SFTP is controlled by Secure File Transfer Protocol switch.

Local Forwards

Control which local port forwards (-L in OpenSSH) are allowed in the corresponding SSH session to which this profile is applied.

Format: IPv4:Port, [IPv6]:Port or Hostname:Port.

Asterisk (*) is supported for host and port. localhost can be used as shorthand for three rules matching localhost, and ::1.

Remote Forwards

Control which Remote Port Forwards (-R in OpenSSH) are allowed in the corresponding SSH session, this profile is applied to.

Format: localhost:Port, IPv4_bindaddress:Port or [IPv6_bindaddress]:Port.

Asterisk (*) is supported for host and port. Please specify localhost for regular remote port forwarding requests, e.g. -R 8000:localhost:80. If the user specifies a bind address other than localhost, use the bind address as the host part, e.g. -R

Command Execs

Control which command is allowed to be executed on target server when in a non-interactive session (i.e. OpenSSH ssh <target> <command>). Format: Perl compatible regular expressions (PCRE), SCP is controlled by secure copy protocol switch.